The problem of transportation in Lima should be solved and soon. At the rate we are going, We will not have a comprehensive solution in less than ten years, If it's not much more. We already know what happens when changing Governments and political revenge or to fulfil pre-electoral agreements with suspending the programs that were launched.
During his election campaign the Mayor of Lima on several occasions said that the buses were not the solution and it would build an electric train because the idea of the Colombian buses of Andrade was not what we had to be. In that were, does suit us more buses or better a service fast high speed??
Because, the Mayor is honoring his word. Continuing with the logical solution has sought the support of the legislative to conclude the second stage. The first, as is known, only 9,8 km, It is already built and joins the workshop courtyard at Villa El Salvador with the Atocongo bridge. This stretch, that account with 5 closed stations and 2 in infrastructure, is double-tracked on surface with 7 km in length at the level of the floor and the rest raised from San Juan de Miraflores. Serving 5 trains with six cars each.
The continuation of the system, includes the section Atocongo-Hospital 2 may (AV Grau), It is part of the South-North line linking Villa El Salvador with San Juan de Lurigancho. The section will run in the surface with high covering some lanes 20 KMS and will feature a total of 16 stations, 5 at the ground level and 11 high.
The best solution for a city, is the Underground Railroad because it prevents pollution, relieves the city and is fast. In any metropolis with underground railroad the aspect of what it was before and after built is impressive. This difference is only remembered when for some reason the metro stopped service and thousands of people that normally circulate underground, they emerge to the surface. But effectively, build an underground train is very expensive and takes too long to execute the works that involve water networks, electricity, phones etc.
The high capacity buses not resolved completely the main problem because they do not descongestionan the streets, they contaminate the environment because they burn fuel unless they were electrical buses (trolleybuses) What would lead us to contrast with the train. In any case the high capacity bus, for being slow, It is not appropriate in a city as large as Lima. I imagine that would take a trip from El Callao to go to Chorrillos, on a bus with a capacity of 300 people stopping every so many blocks. This is nonsense, because it does not help us to develop. However the bus, It is complementary to a transport service of high speed and high capacity, to supply alternate routes.
But, for a flat as Lima city, Although it is obvious that the Underground Railroad He appears as the most viable since the topography of the terrain presents it as the most appropriate, It is not for economic reasons. Just to think about the amount of archaeological sites that would be found and that suspended the construction until met the usual archaeological studies, discarded that idea. Remember, just, for example, the extension of avenida Javier Prado that has crippled one of the most modern stadiums in the world and it seems that no one cares, as well as the expansion of one of the most important streets of our city.
To avoid the problems mentioned above, cost and construction difficulties, the solution that remains is the of the elevated train. This type of construction is cheaper and easier to run, so much so that the construction of the prefabricated parts takes place off the streets and is only interrupted traffic for short times to assemble them on the site. But what is most important, It is that it is not necessary to break the streets and get thousands of tonnes of Earth as it is the case with the construction of an underground train, nor is it necessary to interrupt water service, phone or electricity, except in specific cases.
The question is why it is not possible in our country to an international public tender so that it may grant concessions for construction and operation to? 20 or 30 years to specialized companies that exist in England, Italy, France or Germany? Is that these businesses are not interested in that kind of investment in a city more of? 8 million inhabitants? Or is that there are dark interests impeding that this can be done?? Who will benefit from the chaos of our transport??
Our country, barely matters 1/3 of its oil needs and with the Camisea gas cease to be dependent on these imports. Who benefits with the import of oil and the rise in the prices of all fuels claiming that international price rises?? If in Venezuela oil is exported to international prices and fuel in the domestic market in that country is sold at prices wherewithal, for that in our country rise of fuels prices as if we importáramos the? 100% the oil we consume? It is clear that there are dark interests behind the energy problem in our country. Instead of thinking about exporting Camisea natural gas should be our political geniuses think investing in infrastructure, When less build a North-South train and expand the railway network within the improving roads with new highways, because not only trains, but also a modern and renovated trucking.
The last country in South America who built their underground train was Venezuela with the Caracas Metro. Well well, the construction lasted for several years and people suffered patiently vehicular chaos in a city whose surface is less of 1/3 the extension of the Lima and with just a few 3 million inhabitants, but saturated with vehicles. Transport in this city was equal to or worse than the Lima at that time, Therefore, two years before opening the service of the underground, they made an education campaign to teach people to behave and take care of that work. In Lima they say that the municipality is working on the problem with buses, but I don't see that an educational campaign in that regard there is.
When Venezuela began to build the subway, they began a program of training personnel, not only for trains, but for the Metrobus was supplementary service, as it should be. The requirement was, that the applicants had secondary education. Horror!! And that will happen with the drivers that handle collective and ramshackle buses!! This will bring problems with the guilds of transport!! Nothing happened. Old carriers were to cover other routes and descongestionó in the city. As a result, staff that handles buses belonging to the service of the Caracas Metro are a little more educated and trained people to provide a public service with a minimum quality. As a side effect, old operators of buses and bus service, somehow he civilizó to see that people preferred the Metro.
Metro Caracas was the panacea which resolved the traffic in this city?? Not, It was not, because the capacity of the underground railroad was subdimensionada, which is not surprising because this way we are latinos, experts in Sox solutions. But yes partly solved the problem of the traffic and improved the speed for moving from one place to another. If in Venezuela, some outdated politician would have imposed the idea of a bus of 300 passengers, currently the chaos would be of such magnitude that a diligence could only be done a day instead of two, one in the morning and another in the afternoon, It is the maximum that can be made in that city because time does not allow you to more.
In conclusion, first, the best solution for Lima is an elevated electric train and not a high-capacity bus. Second, alternate routes, the bus of 300 or 150 passengers is imperative., In addition to other smaller, complementary to the previous. Third party, without both drivers and user education, no system of transportation is good enough.